现在就采取措施防止与黑熊发生冲突

Wed, 05/01/2024 - 9:30pm

Maine’s Dept. 内陆渔业和野生动物管理局发布了关于熊及其春季行为的预防措施. 随着天气变暖,野生动物正不失时机地摆脱冬天的束缚,享受这个季节.

For many of these animals, such as black bears, 它们的体重减轻了很多,从冬天的洞穴里出来后,它们正在四处寻找食物. While denning, black bears enter a state of torpor, slowing their metabolism and respiration, breathing only once per 15 to 45 seconds, 把他们的心率降到每分钟8-21次. 即使代谢率降低,熊仍然会减掉大量的体脂. 与真正的冬眠动物不同,熊在这段时间不吃、不喝、不小便或不排便.

一旦春天来了,熊就会从洞穴里出来, 在两到三周的时间里,熊一直在努力调节自己的身体机能,直到正常活动. At this time of year, natural foods are limited, 熊可能会冒险进入后院寻找容易获得的食物.

现在就采取措施防止黑熊进入你的院子:

在4月1日至11月1日期间移除喂鸟器
Rake up unused bird seed from the ground
把宠物食品和垃圾放在室内或围栏内
Clean grills thoroughly after use
把垃圾桶放在建筑物内或用电栅栏围起来
早上收垃圾的时候拿着垃圾桶
保持外屋和车库的门始终关闭,并修理损坏的门窗
保持垃圾箱盖和门关闭和闩上
Use bear-resistant dumpsters or garbage cans

AVOIDING BEARS WHEN HIKING OR WALKING

  • Be aware of your surroundings
  • Hike in groups and stay together
  • Keep kids within sight
  • Keep dogs on a leash or leave them home
  • Make noise in thick cover
  • Carry bear spray
  • Carry a walking stick for defense

AVOIDING BEARS WHEN CAMPING

  • Do not store food in your tent
  • Cook as far as possible from your tent
  • Clean cooking area thoroughly
  • Don’t sleep in clothes you cooked in
  • 储存食物、垃圾、乳液、牙膏和除臭剂:
    • vehicle with windows closed
    • a bear-proof container
    • 或者被吊在离睡觉地点100码的树上

IF YOU ENCOUNTER A BEAR

In the woods

  • Do not approach the bear
  • Quietly back away and leave the area

 

In a building, dumpster, or around the corner

  • 给熊一个清晰的逃跑路线(不要把它逼到角落)
  • 离开熊的时候不要关门
  • Do not lock the bear in a roomIn your backyard
  • 在安全的距离外,大声喧哗,大喊大叫,或者把锅碗瓢盆放在一起(吓唬熊)。
  • 当熊离开时,清除潜在的引诱物,如垃圾、鸟食或宠物食品
  • Ask neighbors to remove attractants

IF A BEAR BECOMES AGGRESSIVE AND...

Approaches you or makes noise

  • 举起手臂让自己看起来更大
  • Repeat "Hey, bear" while backing away

 

Follows you

  • Stay together
  • Do not run, but continue to back away

    Continues to follow you

  • Stand your ground, stay together
  • 通过让自己看起来更大和发出声音(挥舞手臂,大喊大叫,拍手,敲棍子)来恐吓别人。
  • Prepare to fight or use bear spray

Charges you

  • Stand your ground
  • Remain calm
  • 如果你有防熊喷雾,以圆周运动的方式喷洒

Makes contact with you

  • Fight back with anything at hand (knife, sticks, rocks, binoculars, backpack, walking stick) or by kicking

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